Introduction to the design of special industrial buildings
To outline the principal features of the design of special industrial buildings.
Special industrial buildings are of two kinds - those which are of unusual construction and those which are designed for a special industry. Several features, such as handling methods, maintenance, and fire protection, are briefly discussed. Examples of special buildings, e.g. power stations and hangers, are presented.
1. TYPES OF SPECIAL INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS
Special industrial buildings are of two kinds - those which are of unusual construction and those which are designed for a special industry. The main characteristic of such buildings is that they are invariably designed for a particular purpose or process and are consequently virtually impossible to adapt for another kind of use.
Among the former are industrial buildings which, for reasons of prestige rather than economy, utilise unusual structural forms which provide architectural expression and thereby contribute to the visual quality of the building. Due to the fact that buildings of this kind are unique, they cannot be considered generically. Some examples are briefly described later in this lecture.
Among buildings designed for specific industries are heavy engineering works, aircraft hangars, power stations, process plants, steel rolling mills, and breweries. Many of these buildings have similar features which are considered in principle below.Read more